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The Gas Works


Cleator Moor Gas Works were located on Birks Road, adjacent to the railway line. In 1872, the Board of Trade placed an advertisement in the London Gazette announcing a plant to supply the town.
Cleator Moor Gas Works
Cleator Moor Gas Works

Application for provisional order to enable the Cleator Moor Gas Company Limited:
  • to purchase or lease lands
  • and erect and maintain gasworks thereon
  • to manufacture and store gas and residual products
  • to lay down mains and pipes
  • to break up streets etc.
  • to levy rates, rents and charges for supply of gas
Act Of Parliament

The order empowering the Cleator Moor Gas Works to supply the town was approved by the House of Lords in 1872. An Act of Parliament placed an obligation on the Cleator Moor Local Board to supply portions of the parish of:
Cleator lying on the west side of the centre of the river Ehen in the county Cumberland those portions of the parish of Egremont lying between the of Cleator and an imaginary line commencing at the centre of the south side Low Keekle Bridge in the parish of Egremont and proceeding thence in south westwardly direction on the south side of the road leading from Cleator towards Wood End to the west side of Gutterby Lane from thence in a northwardly direction on the west side of the said lane to the north side of the at Moor Row and proceeding thence on the south side of the highway from Moor Row towards Scalegill Place forty six yards and from proceeding in a westwardly direction across the last mentioned highway two hundred and four yards and from thence in a northwardly direction hundred and nine yards until the said line joins the Whitehaven Cleator and Egremont Railway on the north side thereof and from thence the said railway in an eastwardly direction until the said line joins boundary dividing the said parish of Egremont from the extra parochial place of Low Keekle and the extra parochial place of Low Keekle in the county Cumberland.
The Act of Parliament ensured that the Cleator Moor Gas Works Company were limited to the ownership of ten acres of land and authorised them to construct "gas holders receivers purifiers meters apparatus and works for the manufacture and storing of gas and of coke and other residual products obtained in the manufacture of gas and matters producible therefrom."

The gas produced by the works was required to be of a sufficient power and quality to produce a light equal in intensity to the light produced by fourteen sperm candles.
  • Sperm candles were produced from a waxy substance called spermaceti, which was extracted from the blubber of Sperm Whales.
The price to be charged by the the Cleator Moor Gas Works, for gas supplied by to consumers was prohibited to exceed seven shillings and sixpence per one thousand cubic feet. Consumers were required to pay within 28 days after the expiration of any quarter of a year.

The Gas Works were constructed on two pieces of land, numbered 144 and 145 Birks Road, on the Ordnance Survey map of 1872.

Tenders For Work:

An advert in 1873, by the Cleator Moor Gas Works Company, in the Journal of Gas Lighting, Water supply and Sanitary Improvement, announced tenders for the erection buildings, gas tanks, purifiers, pipes, etc.

Applications were to be sent to Mr Rowland Baxter, the company secretary.


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Cleator Moor | Cumbria: Little Ireland: The Gas Works
The Gas Works
Cleator Moor | Cumbria: Little Ireland
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