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Description Of Cleator Moor, 1896


Cleator Moor is an ecclesiastical parish, formed from that of North Cleator, 19 March, 1869, under the provisions of the "New Parishes Act, 1843," known as "Sir Robert Peel’s Act" (6 & 7 Vict. c. 37), and is now a populous and rapidly increasing district, with a station on the London and North Western and Furness joint railway, 4 ½ miles south from Whitehaven, 3 north-east from St. Bees and 2 ½ north from Egremont, in the Western division of the county, ward of Allerdale-above-Derwent, Derwent petty sessional division, union and county court district of Whitehaven, rural deanery of Whitehaven, archdeaconry of Westmorland and diocese of Carlisle.

The "Local Government Act, 1858" (21 & 22 Vict. c. 98), was adopted by the district, 18 Oct. 1864; the district was extended by 43 & 44 Vict. c. 86, and under the provisions of the "Local Government Act, 1894," is now governed by an Urban District Council of 12 members. The town is situated in a vale of great extent, sheltered on the north by lofty hills; it is lighted with gas from works now the property of the Urban District Council, having been purchased from the Gas Co. in 1892, and supplied with water from the mountains in the immediate vicinity.

This ecclesiastical parish and that of Dalton-in-Furness, were formed by means of a sum of £6,000 given for the purpose in 1868 by Richard, Marquess of Westminster. The church of St. John the Evangelist, consecrated June 25, 1872, is a plain building of red sandstone, in the Late Norman style, erected from the designs of Messrs. Cory and Ferguson, architects, of Carlisle, and consists of chancel, clerestoried nave of four bays, aisles, north porch, vestry and crypt, and a south-west tower 68 feet in height, and containing 6 bells, the lower stage forming a baptistery: the chancel is fitted in carved oak, and has a stone groined roof and mosaic flooring: the reredos, also of carved oak, was the gift of Joseph Fearon esq.; the pulpit and desk were presented by John Stirling esq. who also defrayed the cost of carving the capitals of the nave arcades: there are many stained windows, including memorials to members of the Burns and Lindow families, and to Bishops Waldegrave (1860—9) and Goodwin (1869—92): the church affords 900 sittings.

The site for the church and vicarage house, together with land for a burial ground, were presented by Sir Thomas Brocklebank bart. of Irton Hall, who also in 1896 gave an additional plot of land, 2,038 square yards in extent, for its enlargement. The register dates from the year 1869. The living is a vicarage, net yearly value £300, with residence, built in 1872, in the gift of the Bishop of Carlisle, and held since 1878 by the Rev. Richard Hawthornthwaite, of St. Aidan’s. There are Presbyterian, Primitive Methodist and Wesleyan chapels.

Montreal Schools, C1880
The Public Offices and Market Hall were erected by the Local Board in 1879, at a cost of £3,500; the Market Hall is sometimes used for public entertainments, and will seat 1,000 persons; the market is held on Saturdays. The Conservative Club, High street, is a fine building of stone, erected in 1883 by John Stirling esq. J.P. of Fairburn, Ross-shire, N.B. at a cost of £2,500, from designs by Mr. T. L. Banks, architect; it includes reading and other rooms.

There is also a Liberal Club, with reading rooms. There are branches here of the Bank of Whitehaven Limited and the Whitehaven Joint Stock Banking Co. Limited, both in High street. The Cleator Moor Cooperative Society has extensive premises, and now (1896) consists of 4,500 members, and its turnover amounts to £150,000 a year. The Free Library, established in 1894. has at present over 2,000 volumes; attached is a free reading room, supplied regularly with all the local papers; Mr. Rowland Baxter, librarian. In the valley, traversed by the river Ehen and various tributary becks, are a number of valuable mines of iron ore, to the discovery and working of which this district chiefly owes its advancement and prosperity.

The "Montreal" mine, belonging to John Stirling esq. J.P. was sunk in 1862; the "Crowgarth" is the property of Lord Leconfield, and there is another belonging to the Whitehaven Haematite Iron Co, established about 1840, and having four blast furnaces worked in connection with the mine; the depth of the mine varies from 10 to 100 fathoms.

Petty Sessions are held every Monday & Thursday at Whitehaven at 11 a.m. & on alternate Fridays at Cleator Moor at 10.15 a.m. (for parishes of Cleator, Arlecdon, Salter & Eskett only).

The following places are included in the petty sessional division: Arlecdon, Cleator, Drigg, Distington, Egremont, Gosforth, Haile, Harrington, Irton with Santon, Lamplugh, Moresby, Ponsonby, Saint Bridgets, Saint John’s, Salter & Eskett, Ennerdale & Kinniside, Hensingham, Lowside Quarter, Netherwasdale, Preston Quarter, Parton, Rottington, Saint Bees, Sandwith, Wedicar & Whitehaven.

Montreal, Church of England schools, erected by John Stirling esq. J.P. in 1865 & enlarged by the same benefactor in 1875, at a total cost of nearly £10,000; the building is of native freestone, & has a fine tower 98 feet high, containing a clock & bell; it was again enlarged in 1890, at a cost of £1,200; these schools form one of the most striking features of the town, & will hold 1,045 children; 275 senior boys, 260 senior girls, 275 infants, 90 junior boys & 145 junior girls. Average attendance, 229 senior boys, 176 senior girls, 182 infants, 45 junior boys & 81 junior girls; the full staff of teachers numbers 26.

Catholic, erected in 1873, for 400 boys, 250 girls & 260 infants; average attendance, 210 boys, 180 girls & 180 infants.

Top Photo: Montreal Schools, C1880



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Book,1,Cleator Moor History,44,Cleator Moor News,129,Copeland Borough Council,96,Cumbria News,1697,News,2485,Photography,23,Photos For Sale,9,Photos Of Cleator Moor,9,Photos of Cumbria,14,UK News,286,Walking Routes,3,West Cumbria News,389,Your MP,54,
Cleator Moor | Cumbria: Little Ireland: Description Of Cleator Moor, 1896
Description Of Cleator Moor, 1896
Cleator Moor | Cumbria: Little Ireland
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